The current situation with COVID-19 has left the world in lockdown, with venues closed and tours cancelled or postponed, a lot of artists have been forced to find new and innovative ways to stay connected wth their fans, such as live streaming performances from their home, going back through the archives and releasing footage of previous shows, or hosting Q&A’s and listening parties. Like many, I’ve had the extra time on my hands to watch a lot of these performances, and found it interesting to see the various ways in which bands and artists are approaching these difficult times.
This dissertation will provide an in-depth analysis into the development of hip-hop in three European countries: France, Italy and Germany, during the 1980s and 1990s. Drawing from the ideas of important theorists such as Andre Prevos, Tony Mitchell, Mark Pennay, and Dietmar Elflein, and a variety of relevant online articles, documentaries and films, it will show how each country adapted the musical idioms and styles of American hip-hop to create unique offshoots. Discussing the key artists within each country, and how hip-hop impacted on society. The key theories of Globalisation and Americanisation will be used to show how hip-hop arrived into Europe from America, and an overall background of the birth and growth of hip-hop from the depravity of the New York projects will also be given.
First published: May 9, 2016
Where?: For academic purposes BA (Hons) Popular Music Journalsim 2015/16 – Southampton Solent University